Disorders of the Knee Joint

Arthrosis of the knee joint is caused by degeneration of the joint cartilage. The degeneration of this layer and thus its loss is also associated with impaired mobility, which is sometimes very painful.

In addition to so-called predisposition in the sense of reduced ability of the cartilage to cope with strain, the mechanical stress experienced in daily life is also one of the causes of arthrosis. In addition to deviations from the axis, which may be congenital, there are also deviations that have resulted from an accident (so-called bowlegs and knock-knees). Furthermore, metabolism disorders, infections, gout, rheumatism, and damages to the inner knee (e.g., cruciate ligament injuries, chipped cartilage, and meniscus ruptures) can also damage or destroy the cartilage in the knee joint – these are but a few of the causes of knee arthrosis. In general, arthrosis of the knee, which is also called gonarthrosis, is first noticed when pain appears while walking. So-called start-up pain is typical of arthrosis. When the loss of cartilage progresses, the symptoms also increase. There is increasing pain, even when resting. As the disease causes the patient to minimize strain, the muscles also degenerate and the leg thus becomes weaker. In order to prevent untimely arthrosis of the knee joint, particular treatment strategies are considered, especially in the aftermath of an injury.

After a cruciate ligament injury, for example, syndesmoplasty is necessary, which is performed in the context of an arthroscopy. It may also become necessary to perform a cartilage-bone transplant (OATS surgery), which involves moving healthy cartilage from less strained areas of the knee joint to the damaged area and vice versa. Arthroscopic lavage or correction of the leg axis may also result in relieving the symptoms for a longer period of time. If the degeneration of the knee joint cartilage has progressed severely, the patient’s quality of life is strongly impaired and, if the level of suffering is too high, an artificial knee joint becomes necessary.

If you have problems with your knee and want to be treated by us, just make an appointment in our outpatient clinic by sending us an E-Mail or calling us at 06371 84-270.